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Discussion Post Here Is 2 Separate Posts With 4 In Total

I’m working on a business discussion question and need a sample draft to help me understand better.

Discussion post. Here is 2 separate posts with 4 in total. Please use websites that are based in the United States only. And also 100-200 words each post please. And again only use websites.

Part 1(a)

Discussion 5

I would describe an effective communication process as goals achieved as a result of established guidelines or policies being executed through clearly defined parameters for all involved parties. Effective communication can be accomplished through various means, but as long as involved parties remain “on the same page”, goals can be achieved and processes can prove successful. One example of an effective communication process was Henry Ford’s Model T assembly line established in 1913. Although his simple manufacturing design reduced over communication throughout his process, it proved effective beyond all expectations and established a precedence that reduced manufacturing times from 12 hours to 1 hour 33 minutes per vehicle (History, 2020). Ford’s efficiency process was made possible through streamlining the communications process to eliminate variables. Utilizing skilled workers to produce specific items repeatedly enabled technicians an ability to mass produce item they were best trained to craft. Each component provided effective communications with the product assembly before and after their respective jobs to move the process seamlessly.

Communications processes can however provide barriers. Our text highlights six of these barriers:

  • Differing Perceptions: occurs when the sender and receiver perceive a message differently.
  • Semantic Differences: causes communications problems when the same words have different meanings to different people.
  • Status Differences: can lead to problems of credibility resulting dissimilarities in titles, offices and support resources.
  • Consideration of Self-Interest: occurs when personal ideologies affect data such as forecasts of future activities, performance standards, and recommendations.
  • Poor Listening Skills: occurs when the receiver isn’t receiving the message.
  • Personal Space: an uncomfortable feeling which arises when personal space is invaded by others. (Hitt et al., 2018)

These identified barriers are individual factors by nature and can clearly cause unclear or undefined lines within the communications chain.


History. (2020). Ford’s Assembly Line Starts Rolling. A&E Television Networks. Retrieved June 3, 2021 from, www.history.com/this-day-in-history/fords-assembly…

Hitt, M. A., Miller, C. C., Colella, A., & Triana, C. M. (2018). Organizational Behavior. John Wiley & Sons.

Part 1(b)

An effective communication process can be described as “the sharing of information between two or more people to achieve a common understanding about an object or situation” (Hitt, Miller, Colella, & del Carmen Tariana, n.d. p.289). Effective communication is best performed when the recipient receives the specific message and is interpreted clear and concise and preferably verbatim from the sender. When this message is being conveyed there should be no uncertainty or variance from the original message.

An example of this can be when information is being sent via email and the sender utilizes a symbol to depict a smiley face to lighten the mood; “if the message had been spoken, the humorous intent could have been indicated by the sender’s tone of voice or facial expression” (Hitt, Miller, Colella, & del Carmen Tariana, n.d. p.289).There are also numerous barriers associated with preventing effective communication. The six barriers that I will highlight are the perceptual barrier, attitudinal barrier, language barrier, emotional barrier, cultural barrier, and the gender barrier.


Hitt, Miller, Colella, & del Carmen Triana, n.d.). Fifth Edition. Retrieved from https://platform.virdocs.com/r/s/0/doc/385608/sp/1…

Part 2(a)

Hello Professor Irvin & Fellow Classmates,

Most projects have multiple tasks. Completion of the said project would be hard if the tasks are not scheduled correctly. Critical path analysis is a way to Schedule tasks with an objective to minimize the time. To use the critical path analysis, the activity network has to be created first. For any project, the activities are in such a way that one activity has to be completed before another one is started. The activity network shows every activity that is needed to complete the project; and arranges them from the start to finish, connecting each activity to both their predecessors and successors. The network also shows the time an activity will take to be completed.

From the activity network, the path from the start to the end of the project which minimizes the project time has the critical path activities. The critical path activities have to be completed before the project is considered done. Any delay in the time will also result in a delay in the entire project. The rest of the activities can be delayed without impacting the progress of the project. The float of those activities is called free float (Bishnoi, 2018).


Bishnoi, N. (2018). Critical path method (CPM): a coordinating tool. International Research Journal of Management Science & Technology, 9(1).

Part 2 (b)

Critical path analysis is a structure developed in order to utilize data with regards to the arranging of activities in a way that minimizes the time it would take to complete any given project. The analysis is based on the understanding that there would be a number of activities in a given project and tasks can be fulfilled in parallel in order to cut down the time and manage a project with efficiency.

The choice structure would exercise activities that are due to be completed, with the understanding that activities rely on the preceding tasks being completed. In a similar understanding, some activities require more time to complete than others. Utilizing the data, a manager can design a structure of activities that best depict the chain that runs in parallel to make the best use of their time, resources and spending plan. A critical path analysis is designed to note the activities present in the different chain and as a result, figure out the least amount of time it would take to finish the project. The chain of activities, which take the most amount of time to complete, forms the critical path in that project, which in turn lets us realize that the other activities can be structured around the critical activities to finish the project within the earliest possible timeframe.

Critical path activities are the project activities that must start and finish on time to make certain that the project ends on time. It is most significant because all activities on it must be completed in the designated time. “Critical activities have no slack time” (Render et al., 2018). These activities cannot run late and if there is delay on any of these activities, then the whole project will be delayed.


Render, B., Stair, R. M., Hanna, M. E., & Hale, T. S. (2018). Quantitative analysis for management. Pearson.

Kenton, W., & Kindness, D. (2021, February 25). Critical Path Analysis (CPA). Business Essentials. https://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/critical-path-analysis.asp#:~:text=Critical%20path%20analysis%20(CPA)%20is,each%20activity%20on%20any%20others.

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