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Discussion Question 08

part1 :

please answer the following question in two paragraphs with two references also you can share your opinion or your experience for answering the question :

Encrypting data when transmitting is a must when it is sent over public networks, and it is an integral part of any security plan. Should governments restrict the use of “strong encryption?”

part 2:

reply one paragraph with one reference on each of the following thread :

1- Mustafa – Yes to Encryption

Strong encryption is highly necessery for protecting people’s rights and privacy in the digital world. The surge of Big data, IoT technologies, and social media apps that intrusively study and collect on human behavior are making it almost impossible to have private and safe space online. Adult individuals and young kids are facing all kind of threats on the internet, ranging from intrusive surveillance to harassment and abuse by cybercriminals. Personally, I keep getting phishing emails from scammers, telling me that my social security number has been compromised and urge me to take action by clicking on a weird link. I keep deleting these emails, but in this case, having a strong encryption would at least help me block such shady email traffic. Another example, according to human rights watch, governments are imposing rules to restrict access to strong encryption or limit anonymity online. For instance, Russia and China are censoring the digital media by forcing social media users to register their identity in government database in attempt to limit anonymous expression in their countries. The Chinese government goes even more further by establishing new regulations demanding from technology companies to build “back doors” into hardware and software systems to block encrypted web traffic. How terrifying is that! Imagine living under a dictatorship where the government control/limit almost every aspect of your life!?

2- Freda Assuah

Strong encryption is an integral part of our internet usage today. It helps with e-commerce transactions by protecting customer data as well as with various log in account systems like healthcare records. However, in other circumstances, strong encryption can put other citizens at risk for instance in the case of the terrorist attacks. Such bad actors tend to take advantage of strong encryption to hide their transactions and make it difficult for the government to detect their activities or investigate after the fact. This was the case in the plane hijacking incident of 9/11.

Given the benefits and uses of strong encryption, it’s difficult to support the governments restriction of strong encryption. Some may argue that this would be a restriction of freedom of speech and freedom to privacy. On the other hand, if the government doesn’t impose any restrictions, there is the possibility of bad actors taking advantage of strong encryption to escape detection.

However, a few bad instances, shouldn’t dictate the future of encryption for all other citizens. That’s why I don’t think the government should impose restriction to strong encryption. These stronger encryptions although used for malicious activity are more than often used for good. Some propose the idea of implementing a “back door” to the strong encryption for law enforcement purposes is a good compromise. However, this also brings about the potential of backdoors being hacked and the strong encryption no longer being valid. The backdoors could also lead to the abuse of power by the government to seek user information whenever they see fit without the need for a warrant. Alternatively, law enforcement could work with the technology companies on a need basis by serving warrants when necessary to get information of criminals.