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Focus Of The Research Report

Create a hypothetical research study (you do not have to carry outthe study; you will just have to describe it) that is based on the threepieces of information listed below.  Once you have your hypotheticalstudy created, write a three- to four-page research report (excludingtitle and reference pages) that outlines the study.  You are encouragedto be creative with your research study, but be sure to follow theformat outlined below and use a writing style that is appropriate forscholarly research reports and adhere to APA formatting.

Your hypothetical research study should be based on the following information: 

  • Recent research has indicated that eating chocolate can improvememory.  Jones and Wilson (2011) found that eating chocolate two hoursbefore taking math tests improved scores significantly.  Wong, Hideki,Anderson, and Skaarsgard (2009) found that women are better than men onmemory tests after eating chocolate.
  • There were 50 men and 50 women who were randomly selected from a larger population.
  • A t-test was conducted to compare men and women’s performance onan assessment after eating chocolate. The results showed an independentt-test value of t .05(99) = 3.43; p < .05

Your research study must contain the following:

  1. Title Page
    1. Title of your report
    2. Your name
    3. The course
    4.  Instructor
    5. Date
  2. Introduction
    1. Introduce the research topic, explain why it is important,and present the purpose of the paper and the research question andhypothesis.
    2. Discuss how this study is related to other research on the topic.
    3. Elaborate on the information from the references you were given.  State how they relate to your hypothesis.
    4. Your introduction must:
      • Consist of a paragraph explaining what you are studyingand why. Use previously cited research to explain your expectations anddiscuss how those expectations led to your hypothesis.
      • State a clear and testable hypothesis and whether it is one-tailed or two-tailed. 
      • Make sure it is understandable to someone who has not read the rest of your pape yet.State the null hypothesis. 
      • Include a justification of the direction of yourhypothesis.  In other words, explain why you chose the direction of yourhypothesis if it is one-tailed (e.g., previous research suggests thatpeople with big feet are more likely to score higher on math tests; therefore the hypothesis is one-tailed) or if it is two-tailed(e.g., previous research is not clear on which group will performbetter; therefore, the hypothesis is two-tailed).
      • Describe why this study is important.
  3. Method
    1. Design: State the experimental design of your study, theindependent and dependent variables, and what the task was (e.g., whatyou had the participants do).
    2. Participants: Identify and describe your sample, how theparticipants were selected to be in the study, and why you chose them. Provide details for how each individual was assigned to each group.
    3. Procedure: Describe the precise procedure you used toconduct this research (i.e., exactly what you did).  It should be clearenough that anyone could replicate your study.  This is the subsectionwhere you tell the reader how you collected the data.
    4. Data Analysis: Describe the statistical procedure used in the study to analyze the data.
  4. Results. In this section, you will describe the statistical results:
    1. State the statistical tests that were used.
    2. Justify the choice of test.
    3. State the observed value and significance level and whether the test was one or two tailed. 
    4. State your conclusion in terms of the hypothesis.
    5. Did you accept or reject the null hypothesis?
  5. Discussion: Discuss your results as they relate to your hypothesis.
    1. Did you accept the hypothesis or reject it?
    2. Compare your results to the previous studies mentioned in the introduction. Are your results similar or different? Discuss why.
    3. Tell the readers what your findings mean. Why did you get the results you did?
      • Identify limitations to your study.
      • Suggest ways your study could be improved.
      • Suggest ideas for future research, not just acontinuation of your study, but research that is similar to this study.Perhaps one of the variables could be changed or a different samplecould be investigated.
      • Finish with a concluding paragraph that is a statement of your findings and the key points of the discussion.
  6. Conclusion: Write a paragraph detailing yourexperience with writing a research report. Discuss how easy/difficult itwas to write a false report that reads like real results, and how thisexperience might affect you review research in the future. Do you thinkthis experience will provide you with a useful skill in your potentialcareer?
  7. References: You will create a minimum of threefictitious references in the following format based on the informationyou have created in the preceding sections of the report:
    1. Author, A., & Author, B. (Publication year). Title of the article. Journal Name, volume number(issue number), page numbers.
    2. Example: Jones, A., & Williams, B. (2013). Why monkeys are good pets. Journal of Silly Science, 23(4), pp. 221-222.

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