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Generalization Of Behavior Change

Each questions needs to be answered independently and theyonly need to be 350 words.

Question #1

Select a target behaviorfor change that will meet naturally existing contingencies of reinforcement.Describe Ayllon and Azrin’s (1968) concept of the ‘relevance of behavior rule’,and how your behavior meets this rule. Why is this so important to considerwhen designing a behavior change plan, and how does your target behavior fitthis rule? With your target behavior in mind, specify all desired variations ofthe target behavior and the settings/situations in which it should (and shouldnot) occur after instruction has occurred. Determine whether and to what extentgeneralization is desirable for all of the behavior changes listed, and includea prioritized list of the variations of the target behavior you would like tosee as a generalized outcome.  What are some of the ethical, practical andsociocultural considerations to explore when selecting target behaviors?

Question #2

Using the variousstrategies and tactics for promoting generalized behavior change listed infigure 28.4 of your text on p.626, design a behavior change plan that promotes. Use the target behavior(s) which youidentified on the first Discussion Board this week. Be sure to describe whetheror not you will use each of the different strategies and tactics listed infigure 28.4, and why or why not they would be appropriate to use in yourspecific example.  Include a brief analysis of any practical, sociocultural,or ethical considerations to explore.

Discussionfrom 1st Discussion board:

          Functional communication training (FCT)is a differential reinforcement method in which a person is shown analternative response which results in the same reinforcement identified ascausing problem behavior (Carr, 2011). In addition, Cooper, Heron and Heward(2007) explain that FCT is an antecedent intervention that teaches functionalcommunication to decrease problem behaviors. Problematic behavior is put on extinction.Functional communication training objective is to establish a bettercommunication behavior to compete with problematic behaviors. FCT changesalternative behaviors by motivating operations or establishing operations.Communication response may vary or be a combination of strategies for a singleperson, but the key function remains (Wacker D. P, 2005). It aims at improvingcommunication with others.

 A teacher to teach a student who shouts every time he wants to go to a toiletcan use functional Communication Training (FCT) method or behavior change. Thestudent causes disruption and is often teased by other students. The teachershould teach that student a non-verbal communicative form such as usinggestures or pictures. The student can use that sign to request for permissionevery time he wants to go to the toilet. Shouting is embarrassing and causesdisruption. Sign/gesture will be better in a learning environment because manycan recognize it and the task is easy to do.

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