Evidence Based Practice Topics
According to the Journal of Nursing Administration, evidence-based practice (EBP) is a method of providing healthcare that makes use of the most recent research to enhance patient health and safety while lowering overall expenditures and variation in health outcomes. It is practical problem-solving that incorporates the most recent medical literature’s best practices with clinical knowledge, patient values, and preferences.
Even while EBP only recently began to be widely incorporated into contemporary nursing practice, beginning in the 1990s, it has a long history in health care. While the majority of the literature attributes the development of EBP—then known as evidence-based medicine—to doctor Archie Cochrane in the 1970s, some nurse researchers trace its roots to Florence Nightingale. Her attempt to use precise observation and analysis to enhance patient outcomes in spite of filthy surroundings throughout the 1800s is frequently cited as the origin of EBP.
The shared history of nurses that dates back to Nightingale makes EBP a logical fit. Nurses thinking about pursuing an online RN to BSN should make sure the program they select makes EBP a mandatory component of the curriculum.
What is Evidence Based Practice in nursing?
Evidence-based practice refers to technique used in clinical decision-making process. In order to provide insight into problems, evidence-based practice relies on analyzing the greatest information currently available on what is occurring in a community, program, or service.
Evidence is merely data that backs up a claim. But research evidence differs from other types of evidence in that it is carefully gathered using tried-and-true research techniques.
A program that is founded on scientific evidence will be able to adapt to shifting community requirements, environmental conditions, and contextual factors. In actuality, clinical research could entail combining and deriving meaning from data gathered from a variety of sources, utilizing research techniques and analytical tools, such as:
· academic literature and research
· clients and community members
· the broader context and environment
All of the above types of evidence can be utilized to create new programs and services, learn how to improve ones that already exist, and develop new programs and services. This use of evidence ensures improved outcomes for our families, communities, and children.
Why is Evidence-based Practice important in Nursing?
Three principles were created by researchers at the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) to enhance both individual healthcare and public health while lowering total healthcare costs. With the enactment of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2010, the “Triple Aim,” as it is known, became a top focus for the United States. “Increasing the individual experience of care; improving the health of populations; and reducing the per capita expenses of care for populations” is the definition of the Triple Aim. Since then, a fourth goal—to lessen nurse burnout and enhance their clinical experiences—has been added.
In addition, EBP comes with the following benefits:
· It serves to unify criteria and allows nursing of the highest quality and efficiency to be delivered, with maximum resource savings.
· It allows the review and updating of knowledge, a very important aspect, because knowledge is developed day by day and it is not possible to access all the information, but there are people who collect that information.
· Develop the habit of always investigating what is being done, to see if it is necessary to modify it.
· Standards of care can be generated.
· It provides legal support in a conflict situation.
· For the user, it allows their participation and decision in their own care. Decisions are not only in the hands of the medical team.
· Assures you that you will receive quality care.
The tasks in this field consist of knowing, understanding and believing in the research findings, and knowing how to use them. It is essential to learn to study problems and related phenomena from the perspective of evidence. Not only are there quantitative studies or problems of doing, but also in these bases there are qualitative studies about the psychosocial area of nursing, which sometimes receives little consideration.
To practice nursing effectively, nurses need to have a fundamental awareness of the evidence-based practice approach. The systematic gathering, analysis, and interpretation of evidence-based data are central to evidence-based practice. The patient care team’s performance depends on the accuracy of the information they receive and the way it is delivered. Any nursing care team’s vital success depends on its capacity to collect evidence-based data and deliver that evidence in a useful and persuasive way. To establish evidence-based nursing practice, it is crucial for nurses to take part in clinical trials and studies that are based on solid scientific evidence.
Evidence-Based Practice Topics in Nursing
Students pursuing a nursing profession can select from a variety of evidence-based practice nursing research topics. One of such fields is the preventive care. Some useful topics in this field include the effectiveness of new medications, the demand for emerging technologies in breast cancer screening, and the efficiency of mammography. These initiatives each have particular evidence-based themes and evidence-based practice recommendations. The effectiveness of interventional pharmacotherapy, the need for evidence-based drugs in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease, and evidence-based practice nursing research are further areas of interest in this field of healthcare research.
Other areas with helpful evidence-based practice research topics include maternal and child health, especially in addressing low birth weight. The effectiveness of infertility treatment, the effectiveness of postpartum care, the effectiveness of IVF and adoption, and the effectiveness of natural conception are just a few of the evidence-based practice topics that nurses can choose to concentrate on in this category.
Besides, evidence-based nursing research has also been conducted in a number of areas, including those related to postpartum bleeding, acute coronary syndromes, psychiatric nursing, and surgical registry procedures. The Evidence Based Practice Nursing Research Program on the Effectiveness of Dental Implant Surgery and the Effectiveness of Non-Invasive Cardiac Care is another resource that students pursing a career as a nurse are urged to look at. The Effectiveness of Complementary and Alternative Medicine is one example of a subject for nursing study that is based on evidence.
Geriatric Care Evidence-based Practice Topics
· Ways of improving oral care for older people
· Vaccination for older adults: benefits and challenges
· Urinary tract infections in older adults: risk factors and diagnosis
· The effects of aging on the immune system
· Sensory system changes and impairments in older adults: nursing care strategies
· Physiologic changes in the musculoskeletal system in older adults
· Oral hydration in older adults: ways of maintaining
· Oral health conditions in older adults: effects and treatment
· Malnutrition in older adults: consequences and effects on organ systems
· Gastrointestinal tract disorders in older age: nursing care strategies
· Diet as a risk factor for dementia
· Dehydration in older adults: prevention, recognition, and treatment
· Assessment of physical function in older adults: effects of regular physical activity
· Age-Related Changes in Nervous System and Cognition abilities in older adults
· Age-Related Changes in Health: cardiovascular system
Pediatric Care Evidence-based Practice Topics
· Women’s experience of motherhood: attachment and mother-infant bonding
· Women with a disability: pregnancy and childbirth
· Ways of improving health outcomes for women and babies from ethnic minorities
· The positive impact of early parenting education
· The effect of midwifery care in pregnancy, labor, birth, and the postnatal period
· Telephone support as a means of reducing postnatal depression: a cost-effectiveness analysis
· Stress in midwives and nurses: causes and prevalence
· Maternal and infant outcomes of caseload care
· Hypoglycemia in newborns: preventive measures
· Group antenatal care: feasibility and acceptability
· Effectiveness of peer support in preventing postnatal depression
· Diabetes in pregnancy: risk factors and management
· Depression and anxiety in new mothers: effects on the health of mothers and infants
· Complication of pregnancy: Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH)
· Caseload midwifery care in ethnic minorities
Mental Health Research Topics in Nursing
· The connection between air pollution and Alzheimer’s disease
· Vitamin D Deficiency and long-term cognitive impairment among older patients
· Effects of meditation on patients with cognitive impairment
· Post-traumatic stress disorder: new prevention techniques
· Social media: effects on mental health among teenagers
· Stimulant treatments of ADHD
· Bipolar disorder: early detection and risk factors
· Bipolar disorder in families: genetic factors
· Effectiveness of deep brain stimulation in patients with depression
· Reconstruction of the sense of self in schizophrenia patients
· Understanding personal experience and phenomenology in patients with schizophrenia
· The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy for panic attack treatment
· The connection between panic disorder and maladaptive behavior
· The connection between brain inflammation and OCD
· White matter abnormalities in patients with OCD
· The combined effects of TMS and therapy on patients with depression
· Changes in task performance under stress in patients with anxiety disorders
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