Let us look at four essential management concepts: planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. Using the class text and, predominately, articles from Trident Library’s full-text databases (like Academic Search Complete, Business Source Complete, and/or ProQuest Central), research each of the essential management functions. Do not use any quotations. Consider best practices from a management perspective. Talking points are included for each of the functions.


A manager’s role in supporting the company’s vision and mission
Managerial participation in strategic, tactical, and operational planning
How managers establish and track goals and objectives for themselves and their teams


Organization Design, including individual job responsibilities
Maintaining Corporate Culture and Social Networks


Leadership and Decision-Making
Working in Groups or Teams
Motivating subordinates


Systems/Processes (Establishing and tracking performance standards)
Strategic Human Resources: having the right people in positions
Since you are engaging in research, be sure to cite and reference the sources in APA format. NOTE: Failure to use research with accompanying citations to support content will result in reduced scoring “Level 2-Developing” for Meets Assignment Requirements, Critical Thinking, and Use of Sources and Mechanics on the grading rubric.

The paper should be written in the third person; this means words like “I,” “we,” and “you” are not appropriate. Refer to yourself in the third person as “manager,” or you can write about what the “project team” will do, rather than saying “I” and “we.”

A 3-page paper with APA citations (2- or 3-sentence introduction, 3-page body, 2- or 3-sentence conclusion)




Introduction to Management

Globally, the managerial aspect of any business focuses on enhancing work performance and quality through skill acquisition, team building to achieve the business objectives. Its ability to develop these concepts is the key marker of a successful management framework. Although management concepts are evolving, planning, organizing, leading, and controlling are essential in the running and operating an organization.


Managers play an integral role in the planning stage. In a conventional business setting, the manager is in charge of the overall running of the organization. The leader supervises tasks, assigns duties, deliberates on the actions to pursue, strategies to take, resources, and funds necessary to achieve the goal. In a vertical management system, the manager is the final decision-maker. During the decision-making process, the manager takes into account the mission and vision statement and plans in future projects and products to help the company achieve its goals. For instance, if the mission statement emphasizes the production of innovative products and services in the future, the manager steps in and takes up the initiative to ensure that future projects are unique compared to the already existing ones.


Managers use strategic, operational, and tactical plans to execute the company’s goals. These plans are intricately connected to aid the achievement of the organizational measurable. Strategic plans are designed and performed by the top-level managers, such as Presidents or CEOS. These plans depict the long-term goals of an organization. They give a brief overview of a company’s future endeavors in three, five, or ten years and form the framework for lower-level planning (Michael, 2007).

On the other hand, tactical plans support the processes and structures of the strategic plans. Managers participate in tactical planning by creating clear strategies to bring strategic ideas to life. Senior managers are appointed to ensure that the employees abide by the tactical policies to fulfill their role in achieving the strategic plans.  At the bottom of the hierarchy are the operational plans that are made by the junior managers. The operational plans are designed to execute a specific process and procedure at the lowest level of the organization. The frontline managers must make all routine tasks using a high level of detail.

In every business setting, logical and consistent goals are essential in determining an organization’s success. Firstly managers at all levels set specific goals through time. Through this, they can track the progress, establish areas that need modifications and improvement, as well as identify areas that show growth and readiness. Secondly, the manager should create realistic goals. Creating unattainable goals is setting up the team to fail, which simultaneously decreases employees’ morale, thus performing poorly in other areas. It is of paramount importance for a manager to create logic goals that require extra effort but are within your manager’s reach. Maintaining a sound task tracking system requires a manager to set flexible deadlines. Providing time limits for tasks assigned motivates and commits the employees to finish the task at hand.


Organization design is a crucial process in the formation of an organization. In essence, organization design is an ongoing process that shapes the organization’s structure and operation. The organizational design takes different aspects of the practice, such as job responsibilities, shift schedules, team formation, channel and mode of communication, etc. Some of the factors that influence organization design include new goals, changes in administration, failure of the current model. The organizational design should fit into the company’s purpose and objectives by creating structures and systems that align with the core objectives. The design should be compatible with the duties and responsibilities of each individual in the firm. All the employees in a company create an organizational culture. Therefore to maintain the corporate culture, it is pertinent to regularly affirm the opinions, feelings, and beliefs of the entire workforce. Today, many organizations mainly use social networks to tap into new markets. However, proper use of well social networks can help build a   healthy and unique organizational culture.


Leading is a primary function within the management process. Every manager understands the importance of logical and rational thinking to solve a problem in the best possible way problem.  Managers face many challenges that require them to make decisions. Therefore, leaders must know when to make decisions with the available information immediately and when to take time to analyze the situation (Larina, 2010). Leading is accomplished by setting clear communication channels that allow the smooth flow of information from the top executive managers to the subordinates. Leaders play an integral role in team formation. They encourage employees to work in teams to bring about new ideas and achieve the set objectives. It is also in their mandate to motivate and inspire employees towards a higher level of productivity.


Implementing systems and processes requires an organization to establish performance standards to gauge employee performance. Performance standards are essential tools to measure employees’ progress. They indicate the level of development, success, readiness, and growth.  Similarily human resources are a critical element for management. Proper use of human resource techniques ensures the recruitment of the right workforce to builds on the organization’s potential to achieve the set objectives.

In summary, the manager should be keen on executing all the management concepts to ensure that an organization runs smoothly. With the management concepts still evolving, it is paramount for the managers to learn new modern-day strategies to help them align the goals of the ideas with the organization’s goals.


Larina, K., 2010. Great Leaders are Great Decision-Makers. Graziadio Bussiness Review, 23(1), pp. 1-10.

Michael, O., 2007. Decision-Making Tactics and Contextual Features Strategic, Tactical and Operational Implications. International Journal of Hospitality& Tourism, 10(1), pp. 25-43.



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