In the criminaljustice system, special circumstances exist under which juvenile offenders canbe tried in adult court. This process is called juvenile waiver andmay be used for juvenile cases that meet certain specifications. Each state hasits own criteria for juvenile cases that can be waived into adult court. Somestates allow offenders who are 17 years old to be tried in adult court. Inother states, the age may be as low at 11. In addition, many states haveprovisions that exclude some offenses, like murder, from being tried injuvenile court.
For thisDiscussion, examine the juvenile waiver process. Consider whether or notjuveniles should be charged and sentenced as adults and circumstances that mayaffect your decision.
Post by Day 2 your position onwhether or not juveniles should be charged and sentenced as adults. Includecircumstances that might influence whether or not juveniles should be chargedand sentenced as adults. Justify your response with references to theliterature and the Learning Resources.
One and a half page withat least two references….
It is important that you cover all the topics identified in theassignment. Covering the topic does not mean mentioning the topic BUTpresenting an explanation from the readings.
To get maximum points you need to follow the requirements listed forthis assignments 1) look at the page limits 2) review and follow APA rules3) create SUBHEADINGS to identify the key sections you are presenting and4) Free from typographical and sentence construction errors.
- Course Text: InvestigatingDifference: Human and Cultural Relations in Criminal Justice
- Chapter 14, “YouthCrime and Justice in a Changing Society”
- Article: Culhane,S., & Taussig, H. N. (2009). The structure of problem behavior in asample of maltreated youths. Social Work Research, 33(2),70–78.
- Article:Jordan, K. L., & Myers, D. L. (2011). Juvenile transfer anddeterrence: Reexamining the effectiveness of a “get-tough” policy. Crime& Delinquency, 57(2), 247–270.
- Article: Lipsey,M. W. (2009). The primary factors that characterize effectiveinterventions with juvenile offenders: A meta-analytic overview. Victims& Offenders, 4(2), 124–147.
- Article:Pearl, N., Ashcraft, R. P., & Geis, K. A. (2009). Predicting juvenilerecidivism using the San Diego regional resiliency check-up. FederalProbation, 73(3), 46–49.
- Article: Piquero,A. R., Cullen, F. T., Unnever, J. D., Piquero, N. L., & Gordon, J. A.(2010). Never too late: Public optimism about juvenile rehabilitation. Punishment& Society, 12(2), 187–207.
- Article:Ward, C. L., Martin, E. E., & Distiller, G. B. (2007). Factorsaffecting resilience in children exposed to violence. South AfricanJournal of Psychology, 37(1), 165–187.
- Article:Reese, L. E., Vera, E. M., Simon, T. R., & Ikeda, R. M. (2000). Therole of families and care givers as risk and protective factors inpreventing youth violence. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review,3(1), 61–77.
- Article:Salekin, R. T., Rogers, R., & Ustad, K. L. (2001). Juvenile waiver toadult courts: Prototypes for dangerousness, sophistication–maturity, andamenability to treatment. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law,7(2), 381–408.
- Article: Wikstrom,P. H., & Loeber, R. (2000). Do disadvantaged neighborhoods causewell-adjusted children to become adolescent delinquents? A study of malejuvenile serious offending, individual risk and protective factors, andneighborhood context. Criminology, 38, 1109–1142.