Please Identify And Write Down The Argument Form Then Provide A Counterexample To Show The Argument S Invalidity

Following arguments are invalid. Pleaseidentify and write down the argument form. Then, provide acounterexample to show the argument’s (the argument form’s)invalidity. (please submit here)

  1. No genuineAmericans are communist spies. Some Oregonians are not communistspies. Therefore, some Oregonians are genuine Americans.

  2. All vegetarianswho refuse to eat animal products are vegans. No vegetarians whorefuse to eat animal products are cattle ranchers. Hence, no vegansare cattle ranchers.

  3. All rock musiciansare cool. No nerd is a rock musician. Hence, no nerd is cool.

  4. All people whodespise animals are neurotic. No veterinarian is a person whodespises animals. Thus, no veterinarian is neurotic.

  5. All destructiveacts are evil. Some wars are evil. So, some wars are destructiveacts.

  6. No rock issentient. Some mammals are sentient. No mammal is a rock.

  7. Some intelligentpeople are highly immoral. All highly immoral people are unhappy.Therefore, some unhappy people are not intelligent.

  8. If you want toruin your life, you should take hard drugs. But you don’t want toruin your life. So, you should not take hard drugs.

  9. Sam is wealthy ifhe has more than a billion dollars. But Sam does not have more thana billion dollars. Therefore, Sam is not wealthy.

  10. If Lewis is afamous author, then he knows how to write. But Lewis is not a famousauthor. So, he does not know how to write.

  11. All planets areround. The earth is round. Therefore, the earth is a planet.

  12. If my societyapproves of genetic engineering, then genetic engineering is right.But my society does not approve of genetic engineering. So, geneticengineering is not right.

  13. Those who areresponsible for 9/11 are terrorists and Muslims. Therefore, allMuslims are terrorists.

  14. If Donald Trumpwins the presidential election, then he will be the next president.If Donald Trump wins the presidential election, then the U.S.foreign policies will be a mess. Thus, if Donald Trump becomes thenext president, then the U.S. foreign policies will be a mess.

  15. Tomatoes are either fruit or vegetables.Tomatoes are fruit. So, they are not vegetables.

Im not looking for someone to do these for me,im just looking for someone to explain it to me,
Give me anexample to go on.

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