Stereotypes of Racial, Ethnic, and Sexual OrientationMinorities
Consider themeanings and connotations of terms like “hoodlum,” “beaner,” “towel-head,” and“fag.” These terms are often used with negative undertones and are related tothe racial and ethnic, and sexual minority stereotypes that exist in society.Although these terms, independent of other factors, are relatively harmless,the stereotypes they imply may lead to crimes against racial, ethnic, andsexual orientation minorities.
For example, inthe cases discussed in the Weekly Introduction, police officers assumed Dialloand Bell to be “suspicious” and armed. These assumptions then led officers toshoot and kill both Diallo and Bell. In the public outcry that surrounded bothof these incidents, many argued that Diallo and Bell were victims because ofracial stereotypes and assumptions made on the basis of skin color.
For thisDiscussion, you select a current news story from print or media(no more than 5years old) that involves a crime committed against an individual or grouprelated to racial and ethnic, and/or sexual orientation stereotypes.
Post by Day 4 a description of the news story youselected. Then explain how racial or ethnic stereotypes may have contributed tothe victimization. Finally, explain at least one strategy that might reducestereotypes contributing to the victimization of racial and ethnic minorities.Support your response with references to the literature and the LearningResources.
One and a half page withat least two reference….
It is important that you cover all the topics identified in theassignment. Covering the topic does not mean mentioning the topic BUTpresenting an explanation from the readings.
To get maximum points you need to follow the requirements listed forthis assignments 1) look at the page limits 2) review and follow APA rules3) create SUBHEADINGS to identify the key sections you are presenting and4) Free from typographical and sentence construction errors.
- Course Text: InvestigatingDifference: Human and Cultural Relations in Criminal Justice
- Chapter 2,“Conceptualizing Difference”
- Chapter 3, “Privilegeand the Construction of Crime”
- Chapter 5, “SocialClass, Crime, and Justice”
- Chapter 18, “Fairnessin the Courts: Investigating and Addressing Race, Ethnic, and GenderBias”
- Article: Black,P. J., & Kari, C. J. (2010). Policing diverse communities: Do genderand minority status make a difference? Journal of Ethnicity inCriminal Justice, 8(3), 216–229.
- Article:Herek, G. M. (2009). Hate crimes and stigma-related experiences amongsexual minority adults in the United States: Prevalence estimates from anational probability sample. Journal of Interpersonal Violence,24(1), 54–74.
- Article: Lieberman,M. (2010). Hate crime laws: Punishment to fit the crime. Dissent(00123846), 57(3), 81–84.
- Article:Stacey, M., Carbone-López, K., & Rosenfeld, R. (2011). Demographicchange and ethnically motivated crime: The impact of immigration onanti-Hispanic hate crime in the United States. Journal of ContemporaryCriminal Justice, 27(3), 278–298.
- Article: Ellis,L., & Say, L. (2011). Hate crime regulation and challenges. GeorgetownJournal of Gender & the Law, 12(3), 367–383.
- Article: Love,E. (2009). Confronting Islamophobia in the United States: Framing civilrights activism among Middle Eastern Americans. Patterns of Prejudice,43(3/4), 401–425.
- Article: Miller,L. L. (2010). The invisible black victim: How American Federalismperpetuates racial inequality in criminal justice. Law & SocietyReview, 44, 805–842.
- Article:Saucier, D. A., Brown, T. L., Mitchell, R. C., & Cawman, A. J. (2006).Effects of victims’ characteristics on attitudes toward hate crimes. Journalof Interpersonal Violence, 21, 890–909.
- Article:Zaykowski, H. (2010). Racial disparities in hate crime reporting. Violenceand Victims, 25(3), 378–394.
- Web Article: Strauss,V. (2011). Anti-bullying legislation attacked for allowing bullying.Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/answer-sheet/post/anti-bullying-legislation-attacked-for-allowing-bullying/2011/11/05/gIQARflapM_blog.html
- Web Article: TransgenderNation. (1998). GLOV LGBT module handout on transgendered persons for DCMetropolitan Police Department, DC Fire Department, & EmergencyMedical Services diversity sensitivity training program. Retrieved from http://www.glaa.org/resources/transinf.shtml