Summary, Direct Quote and Summary

workshop 5
OSWPLG/300: Academic Integrity
Required Discussion: Module 2 Proper Acknowledgement
Required Discussion: Module 2 Proper Acknowledgement
Discussion Topic

Read and review the Module 2 content before responding to this discussion. Please choose one of the questions below and provide a 3-5 sentence response.

What are the differences between a summary, a direct quote, and a paraphrase? Provide an example of all three – a summary, a direct quote, and a paraphrase.
Where can academic sources be found to assist you in locating valid outside sources for academic writing?
What resources are available to help students avoid plagiarism and how can these resources help students uphold academic integrity?



Summary, Direct Quote and Summary

Summary, Direct Quote and Summary

Summarizing, quoting, and paraphrasing are the key ways of incorporating other people’s works in your own writing to ensure that despite the closeness, the work differs from the cited work. Although these three forms are similar, their method of incorporation into one’s work is different. A direct quote is an excerpt of the source, which is entirely identical to the original content being cited. This entails copying directly from the source document word for word (Purdue University, 2020). However, quotation marks are included at the beginning and end of the content being quoted, followed by an in-text citation of the source being quoted. For example, Lauerman and Griffin (2020) states, “Societies, businesses and economies have all suffered as people have sequestered themselves to prevent the spread of the virus and inundation of health systems with severely ill patients.”

As opposed to direct quotation, a paraphrase entails presenting another writer’s ideas in your own words (Purdue University, 2020). However, the paraphrased content should also be attributed to the original author. Because the content is presented in different words, it is slightly condensed and shorter than the original version. Using a similar example, a paraphrase would appear as follows. Most people have chosen seclusion to stop the spread of the virus and the overwhelming of the health system, which has made businesses, societies, and economies suffer (Lauerman & Griffin, 2020).

Summarizing is slightly different from the other two methods. A summary presents the source’s main points only. Although you present the information in your own ideas, it is important to cite the original source (Purdue University, 2020). Summaries are often shorter than the original source and provide a broad overview of the source. Using the same example, a summary is shown below. The Covid-19 pandemic has affected economies, businesses and societies all over the world, as people opt for seclusion to avoid contracting the virus (Lauerman & Griffin, 2020). Therefore, although the method of application differs, the overall objective is to incorporate other’s people work in your writing correctly without plagiarism.


Lauerman, J., & Griffin, R. (2020, June 10). Fauci Says Covid Pandemic His ‘Worst Nightmare,’ Far From Over. Retrieved from Bloomberg:

Purdue University. (2020). Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing. Retrieved from Purdue University:



No matter what kind of paper writing service you need, we’ll get it written. Place Your Order Now!
× How can I help you?